There is nothing more powerful than a people, than a nation, steeped in its history. And there are few things as noble as honoring our ancestors by remembering. —Lonnie G. Bunch III
A portion of the Summit’s proceeds benefits the Jonny Gammage Memorial Scholarship Fund, in honor of the life of Jonny Gammage, a black man murdered at the hands of police officers, to encourage a path of lawyering for social justice. The scholarship is awarded to law students of color with an interest in studying civil rights and social justice issues at the University of Pittsburgh Law School or Duquesne University Law School.
Qualified candidates are required to submit a resume and essay application. The Please review the question below and prepare your answer before submitting your application.
The 2020 Jonny Gammage Scholarship Question
The Constitution of the United States provides:
The House of Representatives shall ch[oo]se their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. (US Const., Article 1 Section 2)
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust, or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment according to Law. (US Const., Article 1 Section 3)
The President, the Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors. (US Const., Article 2, Section 4)
Accordingly, the Constitution confers upon Congress the power to impeach and thereafter remove from office the President, Vice President, and other federal officers–-including judges–-on account of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. In exercising this power, the House and the Senate have distinct responsibilities, with the House determining whether to impeach and, if impeachment occurs, the Senate deciding whether to convict the person and remove him from office.
Only three United States Presidents have been formally impeached by Congress—Andrew Johnson, William Clinton and Donald Trump. So far, no U.S. president has ever been convicted by the Senate and removed from office. In addition to Johnson, Clinton and Trump, only one other U.S. president has faced formal impeachment inquiries in the House of Representatives: Richard Nixon. Mr. Nixon chose to resign.
The impeachment of Donald Trump, the 45th President of the United States, occurred on December 18, 2019, when the House of Representatives approved Articles of Impeachment on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
- Assume the facts in the Senate trial are the same as those set forth in the House Impeachment proceedings. If you were a member of the Senate would you vote to impeach Mr. Trump? Please explain your position citing constitutional law.
- What impact would convicting and removing Mr. Trump have on the Country? On the functioning of the executive branch?
- Should the consequences of removing a sitting president, such as the impacts discussed in Part 2, influence the Senators decision to convict?